Open Licenses

For Instructors For Students

Open License for Instructors

The 5Rs defining open content.
Materials created by David Wiley, CC by 4.0

An open license is one which grants permission to access, re-use and redistribute a work with few or no restrictions. These types of licenses, like Creative Commons, are generally developed under the 5Rs to allow users to do the following:

  • Retain - the right to make, own, and control copies of the content (e.g., download, duplicate, store, and manage)
  • Reuse - the right to use the content in a wide range of ways (e.g., in a class, in a study group, on a website, in a video)
  • Revise - the right to adapt, adjust, modify, or alter the content itself (e.g., translate the content into another language)
  • Remix - the right to combine the original or revised content with other material to create something new (e.g., incorporate the content into a mashup)
  • Redistribute - the right to share copies of the original content, your revisions, or your remixes with others (e.g., give a copy of the content to a friend)

Essentially, open licenses allow for content to be used, modified and built upon.

The type of permissions given to a user of the openly licensed item, depends on the creator and the license they have assigned to their work. The benefit of open licenses are they allow the creator to select the permissions and restrictions according to how they would like their content used.

Types of Open Licenses

When an author creates a work, Canadian law automatically grants them full "copyright" over their work. This means that nobody may copy their work or make changes to it, except with the author’s express permission, or in accordance with the user rights granted by the Copyright Act (e.g., fair dealing). Put another way, if you want to use a work in way that doesn’t qualify as a user right, you can only use the work as permitted by the copyright owner. The granting of permission is referred to as "licensing." Some copyright holders restrict all rights to their work, and so you have to ask their permission to use their work. Others, however, proactively offer their work to the public on standard terms that allow anyone to use their work so long as certain terms and restrictions are complied with. Creative Commons licenses are a prominent example of this proactive licensing.

Creative Commons is a non-profit organization whose mandate is to make it easier for creators to share their work and/or build upon the works of others consistent with the rules of copyright. They have created standard, easy to use and understand copyright licenses that anybody can apply to their work to allow others to share, remix, or use the work without having to contact the copyright owner to ask for permission. There are several Creative Commons licenses, each with a different level of use restrictions.

Creative Commons licenses are not an alternative or exception to copyright, they are one way for copyright owners to distribute their work within the copyright framework.

This video provides a basic introduction to Creative Commons:

Wanna Work Together by the Creative Commons Organization and licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license

To work in an open environment, it's important to assign your work an open license like the Creative Commons License. The open license allows you to a provide potential users of your resource ways they can use and attribute your material.

To assign a creative commons license to your own work, follow this workflow.


CC review resource.png

When reviewing your work, you need to consider the following:

  • Are all elements of the resource original creations? If yes, do I want to share all the information openly?
  • Have I used content (e.g. images, videos, etc.) from other sources? If yes, do I have the right to modify the item to use for my own pupose?
  • Is the content I'm using openly licensed? If yes, what does the license allow me to do with the item?

If you are uncertain of the content you have used to develop your resource, contact the Scholarly Communications & Copyright Office.


CC license options.png

To select a license that best represents how you would like your work used and attributed, review the following resources:


CC creation.png

There is a simple Creative Commons tool for generating an HTML, XMP, and Offline (graphic) license. Once you have selected your license, use the following:


CC attach.png



When adopting a resource, you need to be aware of how the resource can be used. This will require you to look for rights and permissions.

Rights and permissions outline how work can be used, including produced, copied, performed, published, adapted, translated or telecommunicated. It's important to remember that just because an item is available online, it does not give an individual the right to use the work however they choose.

The following is an example of finding permissions for a YouTube video.

Finding YouTube Permissions

Review Video for Infringement

Before using the video, you need to review the content for potential infringement.

As noted by the Copyright Office guidelines on Using Videos in the Classroom,
You are free to display online streaming videos (including Youtube videos) in the classroom, provided that the videos meet the requirements listed above, and that you also satisfy the following criteria:
  1. you do not break or circumvent a Digital Lock to access or obtain a copy of the work;
  2. there is no clear and visible notice on the website or on the work itself that prohibits the use or reproduction of the work (more than just a copyright symbol);
  3. the website is not questionable, infringing or clearly using the works without the copyright owner’s consent ; and
  4. you identify the source of the work and, if available and applicable, the author, performer, maker or broadcaster of the work.
This means if the content is infringing on copyright (e.g. A YouTube user has uploaded the movie, "The Conjuring") you cannot display that video.
If you cannot find the "Terms of Use" or "License" for an item, contact the Scholarly Communications and Copyright Office for assistance.

Additional Examples of Identifying Permissions

Creative Commons License Permissions

Although Creative Commons Licenses support the open use of resources, creators can assign a license that allows only specific kinds of uses. For example, a creator can assign a license that allows others to modify and adapt the original work, but under the requirement that the new resource provides attribution to the original and is shared with the open community.

To best understand Creative Commons License permissions, find the license assigned to the original work and use the following table to identify how the CC licensed work can be used and under what conditions.


All Creative Commons licenses require that users of the work attribute the creator. When providing attribution to a CC-licensed work, you should include:

Attribution Example: Castle Stalker (c)Andrea Mucelli, CC BY-NC-SA 2.0
  • the author's name, screen name, or user ID, etc. If the work is being published on the Internet, it is best practice to link that name to the person's profile page, if such a page exists.
  • the work's title or name (if applicable), if such a thing exists. If the work is being published on the Internet, it is best practice to link the name or title directly to the original work.
  • the specific type of license the work is available under. Linking to the license will allow others to find the license terms
  • The URL where the work is hosted
  • Mention if the work is a derivative work or adaptation, in addition to the above, one needs to identify that their work is a derivative work i.e., “This is a Finnish translation of [original work] by [author].” or “Screenplay based on [original work] by [author].”

For in-depth examples on citing Creative Commons images, please see the Creative Commons Image Citation Guide from the UBC Copyright Site.

Resources

Looking for more information on proper ways to attribute Creative Commons licensed recourses? Check out these in-depth guides:

source: https://wiki.ubc.ca/Documentation:Open_UBC/Guide/Faculty_Open_Licensing

Open License for Students

Did you know that undergraduate students at UBC "retain copyright in all works created during their course of study. Graduate students retain copyright in their own works (including theses) unless a research contract in support of the student's work dictates otherwise" (excerpt from: Student FAQs - Copyright at UBC). This means that you can apply an open license to your work if you want to share it so that others can build on it. You may also choose to use or build on the work of others. Learn how to license your own work and find, adapt and attribute work created by others.

Just because something is online, doesn't mean you can use it :/

While the internet makes it easy to create and share your own work and be inspired by the work of others, some people make their living from original works. Copyright law allows them to protect their work.

On the other hand, there are others who like to create, share and remix on the open web. To let others know that their work is available for re-use (in the way that they specify), open licenses were created (called Creative Commons Licenses).

Mouse.org has produced an excellent introduction to the open web and an overview of CC licenses (we have borrowed the title above). They include a handy chart to let you know exactly what you can and can't do according to the terms of the various Creative Commons licenses. They also include a beginning reference list for locating openly licensed content (such as music and images).

Basically, a Creative Commons license is useful if you want to let people know that your original work is open for others to share or build on as long as they attribute you as the original author.

What else do I need to know?

Creative Commons provides a license chooser to help you select a license based on your preferences.

Now that you have selected a license, you'll want to apply it to your work. Creative Commons can help with that too, by showing you how to apply your license in a variety of formats.

Creating and publishing to YouTube? You can also select a CC license for any video you upload to YouTube. This will allow others to find and build on your work or access it for remixing using YouTube's video editor.

Choose two works you wish to combine or remix. Find the license of the first work on the first row and the license on the first column. You can combine the works if there is a check mark in the cell where the row and column intersect. Use at least the most restrictive licensing of the two (use the license most to right or down state) for the new work. If there a cross at the intersection of the row and column then you can not just these works. This probably indicates that one of the two licenses may not used for commercial purposes, or one of the licenses does not allow for derivative works to be created. Creative Commons - Wiki/cc license compatibility .

Chart for CC license compatibility
a chart showing CC license compatibility
by Creative Commons, CC by 4.0

Using CC licensed work requires you to attribute (or acknowledge) the original author of the photos, videos and other open resources you may use in the course of your learning. Here are examples of good (and not so good) practices for attribution:

source: http://wiki.ubc.ca/Documentation:Open_UBC/Open_Licensing_for_Students